Ingjó: Porovnání verzí

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'''Ingjó''' byl devatenáctý [[Japonský císař]],<ref name="kunaicho">Imperial Household Agency (''Kunaichō''), [http://www.kunaicho.go.jp/ryobo/guide/019/index.html 允恭天皇 (19)]; retrieved 2011-10-16.</ref> podle [[Seznam japonských císařů|tradičního seznamu panovníků]].<ref name="titsingh26">[[Isaac Titsingh|Titsingh, Isaac]]. (1834). [https://books.google.com/books?id=18oNAAAAIAAJ&dq=nipon%20o%20dai%20itsi%20ran&pg=PA26#v=onepage&q=&f=false ''Annales des empereurs du japon,'' p. 26;] Varley, Paul. (1980). ''Jinnō Shōtōki,'' p. 112; Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric et al. (2002). "Traditional order of Tennō" in ''Japan encyclopedia,'' pp. 962-963.</ref> ''[[Kodžiki]]'' a ''[[Nihonšoki]]'' zaznamenávají, že Ingjó byl čtvrtým synem [[Nintoku|císaře Nintoka]] . Byl mladším bratrem [[Hanzei|císaře Hanzeie]] . <ref name="titsingh26">[[Isaac Titsingh|Titsingh, Isaac]]. (1834). [https://books.google.com/books?id=18oNAAAAIAAJ&dq=nipon%20o%20dai%20itsi%20ran&pg=PA26#v=onepage&q=&f=false ''Annales des empereurs du japon,'' p. 26;] Varley, Paul. (1980). ''Jinnō Shōtōki,'' p. 112; Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric et al. (2002). "Traditional order of Tennō" in ''Japan encyclopedia,'' pp. 962-963.</ref> Po Ingjóvi budou císaři jeho synovci, císař Ankó a císař Júrjaku.<ref>Titsingh, pp. 26-27.</ref> O událostech za Ingjóova života a vlády je známo jen velmi málo informací. Za jeho vlády roku 416 bylo zemětřesení.
 
<!-- == Legenda ==
Ingyō is regarded by historians as a "legendary Emperor" of the 5th century.<ref>Kelly, Charles F. [http://www.t-net.ne.jp/~keally/kofun.html "Kofun Culture,"] [http://www.t-net.ne.jp/~keally/index.htm Japanese Archaeology.] 27 April 2009.</ref> The reign of [[Emperor Kinmei]] ({{circa|509}}&nbsp;– 571 AD), the 29th Emperor,<ref name="Titsingh pp. 34-36">Titsingh, [https://books.google.com/books?id=18oNAAAAIAAJ&dq=nipon%20o%20dai%20itsi%20ran&pg=PA34#v=onepage&q&f=false pp. 34–36]; Brown, [https://books.google.com/books?id=w4f5FrmIJKIC&pg=PA261&dq= pp. 261–262]; Varley, pp. 123–124.</ref> is the first for which contemporary historiography is able to assign verifiable dates;<ref>Hoye, Timothy. (1999). ''Japanese Politics: Fixed and Floating Worlds,'' p. 78; excerpt, "According to legend, the first Japanese Emperor was Jinmu. Along with the next 13 Emperors, Jinmu is not considered an actual, historical figure. Historically verifiable Emperors of Japan date from the early sixth century with Kinmei.</ref> however, the conventionally accepted names and dates of the early Emperors were not to be confirmed as "traditional" until the reign of [[Emperor Kanmu]] (737–806), the 50th sovereign of the [[Yamato dynasty]].<ref>[[William George Aston|Aston, William]]. (1896). ''Nihongi,'' pp. 109.</ref>
 
According to ''[[Kojiki]]'' and ''[[Nihon Shoki]]'', he was the fourth son of [[Emperor Nintoku]] and his consort [[Princess Iwa]], and therefore a younger brother of his predecessor [[Emperor Hanzei]]. He sat on the throne after Hanzei died and ruled for 41 years. His name was {{Nihongo|Oasazuma Wakugo no Sukune|雄朝津間稚子宿禰}}.
 
Ankóův titul by dnes nezněl ''tennō'', neboť, jak se mnozí historikové domnívají, tento titul byl zaveden až za vlády císaře [[Temmu]]. Spíš by zněl ''Sumeramikoto'' či ''Amenošita Širošimesu Ōkimi'' (治天下大王), což znamená „velký král vládnoucí všemu pod nebesy“. Mohl by také být nazýván ヤマト大王/大君 neboli „velký král [[Japonská císařská dynastie|dynastie Jamato]]“.
 
Ingyō's contemporary title would not have been ''tennō'', as most historians believe this title was not introduced until the reigns of [[Emperor Tenmu]] and [[Empress Jitō]]. Rather, it was presumably {{Nihongo|''Sumeramikoto'' or ''Amenoshita Shiroshimesu Ōkimi''|治天下大王}}, meaning "the great king who rules all under heaven". Alternatively, Ingyō might have been referred to as {{Nihongo2|ヤマト大王/大君}} or the "Great King of Yamato".
 
== Rodina ==
His consort was Oshisaka no Ōnakatsu no Hime. They had five sons and four daughters, including [[Emperor Ankō]] and [[Emperor Yūryaku]]. He reformed the system of family and clan names, because many named themselves false names using higher ranked clan or family names.
 
Empress: {{Nihongo|Oshisaka no Ōnakatsuhime|忍坂大中姫}}, Prince Wakanuke-Futamata's daughter ([[Emperor Ojin]]'s son)
*First Son: {{Nihongo|[[Prince Kinashi no Karu]]|木梨軽皇子}}
*First Daughter: {{Nihongo|Princess Nagata no Ōiratsume|名形大娘皇女}}
*Second Son: {{Nihongo|Prince Sakai no Kurohiko|境黒彦皇子|extra=d.456}}
*Third Son: {{Nihongo|Prince Anaho|穴穂皇子}}, later [[Emperor Ankō]] (401?–456)
*Second Daughter: {{Nihongo|Princess Karu no Ōiratsume|軽大娘皇女}}
*Fourth Son: {{Nihongo|Prince Yatsuri no Shirahiko|八釣白彦皇子|extra=401-456}}
*Fifth Son: {{Nihongo|Prince Ōhatuse no Wakatakeru|大泊瀬稚武皇子}}, later [[Emperor Yūryaku]]
*Third Daughter: {{Nihongo|Princess Tajima no Tachibana no Ōiratsume|但馬橘大娘皇女}}
*Fourth Daughter: {{Nihongo|Princess Sakami|酒見皇女}}
 
Consort: {{Nihongo|Sotoshi no Iratsume|衣通郎姫}}, Prince Wakanuke-Futamata's daughter ([[Emperor Ojin]]'s son)
 
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== Reference ==
{{Překlad|en|Emperor Ingyō|1014511626}}
* [[Období Kofun]]
 
{{posloupnost|co=[[Seznam japonských císařů|Japonští císaři]]|kdy=[[412–453]]| předchůdce =[[Hanzei]]| nástupce =[[Ankó]]}}
[[Soubor:Mon-Imperial.png|náhled|120x120pixelů| [[Chryzantéma]], [[symbol]] [[Japonský císař|japonského císaře]] a jeho rodiny.]]
{{Japonští císařové}}
{{Autoritní data}}
{{Portály|Japonsko|Lidé}}
 
[[Kategorie:Japonští císaři]]