Pandemie covidu-19: Porovnání verzí

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→‎Xenofobie a rasismus: Opraven překlep
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=== Xenofobie a rasismus ===
S postupujícím šířením nemoci COVID-19 mimo Čínu se začaly objevovat předsudky, xenofobní a rasistické chování vůči osobám čínského, případně jiného východoasijského původu. Incidenty vyvolané strachem, podezříváním či nenávistí byly zaznamenány v řadě zemí,<ref name="The Hill 20200130" >{{cite web|url=https://thehill.com/changing-america/respect/diversity-inclusion/480749-the-coronavirus-is-causing-an-outbreak-in-anti|title=The coronavirus is causing an outbreak in America—of anti-Asian racism|last=Somvichian-Clausen|first=Austa| name-list-format = vanc |date=30 January 2020|website=[[The Hill (deník)|The Hill]]|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200201181522/https://thehill.com/changing-america/respect/diversity-inclusion/480749-the-coronavirus-is-causing-an-outbreak-in-anti|archive-date=1 February 2020|access-date=4 February 2020}}</ref><ref name=":ma">{{cite web|url=https://www.businessinsider.com/wuhan-coronavirus-racism-asians-experience-fears-outbreak-2020-1|title=The Wuhan coronavirus is causing increased incidents of racism and xenophobia at college, work, and supermarkets, according to Asian people|last=Ma|first=Alexandra|last2=McLaughlin|first2=Kelly| name-list-format = vanc |date=2 February 2020|website=Business Insider|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200202204722/https://www.businessinsider.com/wuhan-coronavirus-racism-asians-experience-fears-outbreak-2020-1|archive-date=2 February 2020|access-date=3 February 2020}}</ref><ref name="post0402">{{cite news|url=https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2020/01/31/top-european-music-school-suspended-students-east-asia-over-coronavirus-concerns-amid-rising-discrimination/|title=A top European music school suspended students from East Asia over coronavirus concerns, amid rising discrimination|first1=Stefano |last1=Pitrelli|first2=Rick |last2=Noack | name-list-format = vanc |date=31 January 2020|work=[[The Washington Post]]|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200203131427/https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/2020/01/31/top-european-music-school-suspended-students-east-asia-over-coronavirus-concerns-amid-rising-discrimination/|archive-date=3 February 2020|access-date=4 February 2020}}</ref><ref name="AutoDW-251">{{cite web|url=https://www.vox.com/2020/2/7/21126758/coronavirus-xenophobia-racism-china-asians|title=The coronavirus exposes the history of racism and "cleanliness"|last=Burton|first=Nylah| name-list-format = vanc |date=7 February 2020|website=[[Vox (website)|Vox]]|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200207211942/https://www.vox.com/2020/2/7/21126758/coronavirus-xenophobia-racism-china-asians|archive-date=7 February 2020|access-date=9 February 2020}}</ref> především v Evropě, Severní Americe a asijsko-pacifickém regionu. I některé státy v Africe však zaznamenaly růst protičínských nálad.<ref>{{cite news |title=Coronavirus fuels anti-Chinese discrimination in Africa |url=https://www.dw.com/en/coronavirus-fuels-anti-chinese-discrimination-in-africa/av-52428454 |publisher=[[Deutsche Welle]] |date=19 February 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite news |title=Chinese industrial workers subject to mandatory coronavirus isolation in Ethiopia |url=https://www.panapress.com/Chinese-industrial-workers-subje-a_630630164-lang2.html |work=Panapress |date=28 February 2020}}</ref> Po rozšíření nemoci COVID-19 do Evropy se občané Itálie, která byla epicentrem šíření nemoci, rovněž začali stávat v jiných zemích oběťmi předsudkúpředsudků a xenofobie.<ref>{{cite news |title=Italy Shows Just How Crazy Coronavirus Panic Can Get |url=https://www.thedailybeast.com/italy-shows-just-how-crazy-coronavirus-panic-can-get |work=The Daily Beast |date=29 February 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite news |title=Italians Are Being Treated as a Risk Abroad Over Coronavirus |url=https://www.wsj.com/articles/italians-are-being-treated-as-a-risk-abroad-over-coronavirus-11582913454 |work=The Wall Street Journal |date=28 February 2020}}</ref>
 
Občané některých zemí, jako [[Nový Zéland]], [[Singapur]], [[Malajsie]] a [[Jižní Korea]], podepisovali petice vyzývající své vlády, aby zakázaly vstup čínských občanů do jejich země.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.nst.com.my/news/nation/2020/01/559942/some-malaysians-calling-ban-chinese-tourists|title=Some Malaysians calling for ban on Chinese tourists|last=Solhi|first=Farah| name-list-format = vanc |date=26 January 2020|website=NST Online|access-date=12 February 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200127152306/https://www.nst.com.my/news/nation/2020/01/559942/some-malaysians-calling-ban-chinese-tourists|archive-date=27 January 2020|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite news |title=Calm urged as anti-Chinese sentiment felt in New Zealand |url=https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=12304816 |access-date=6 February 2020 |work=The New Zealand Herald |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200206014546/https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=12304816 |archive-date=6 February 2020 |url-status=live }}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2020/01/31/coronavirus-chinese-xenophobia-racism-misinformation/2860391001/|title=Coronavirus is spreading. And so is anti-Chinese sentiment and xenophobia.| first1 = Marco | last1 = della Cava | first2 = Kristin | last2 = Lam | name-list-format = vanc |website=USA Today|access-date=5 February 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200203011355/https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2020/01/31/coronavirus-chinese-xenophobia-racism-misinformation/2860391001/|archive-date=3 February 2020|url-status=live}}</ref><ref>{{cite news |title=Not Enough Doctors in Daegu: As Virus Cases Rise, South Korea's Response Is Criticized |url=https://www.wsj.com/articles/not-enough-doctors-in-daegu-as-virus-cases-rise-south-koreas-response-is-criticized-11582547600 |work=The Wall Street Journal |date=24 February 2020}}</ref> Místní autority v [[Bolívie|Bolívii]] umístily do karantény japonské občany i přesto, že nevykazovali žádné příznaky nemoci.<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2020/02/18/national/coronavirus-outbreak-anti-asian-bigotry/|title=Coronavirus outbreak stokes anti-Asian bigotry worldwide|date=18 February 2020|work=Japan Times|access-date=18 February 2020|issn=0447-5763|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200218081249/https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2020/02/18/national/coronavirus-outbreak-anti-asian-bigotry/|archive-date=18 February 2020|url-status=live}}</ref> Na [[Ukrajina|Ukrajině]] protestující napadli autobusy převážející ukrajinské a cizí občany evakuované z [[Wu-chan]]u.<ref>{{cite news|url= https://edition.cnn.com/2020/02/21/europe/ukraine-wuhan-bus-coronavirus-intl/index.html |title=Protesters attack buses carrying Wuhan evacuees in Ukraine |work=CNN |date=21 February 2020 |access-date=7 March 2020}}</ref> V [[Moskva|Moskvě]] a [[Jekatěrinburg]]u se stali čínští občané cílem kampaní za účelem vynucení karantény, včetně policejních razií, což bylo lidskoprávními organizacemi odsouzeno jako neodůvodněné pronásledování z rasových důvodů.<ref>{{cite news|url= https://www.scmp.com/news/world/russia-central-asia/article/3051964/chinese-targeted-russia-raids-coronavirus-fears |title=Chinese targeted in Russia raids as coronavirus fears spread |date=23 February 2020 |agency=Associated Press |via=[[South China Morning Post]] |access-date=7 March 2020}}</ref> Čínské velvyslanectví v [[Německo|Německu]] přiznalo vzestup nepřátelských projevů vůči čínským občanům oproti stavu před vypuknutím pandemie.<ref>{{cite news |title=Chinesische Botschaft sorgt sich um zunehmende Anfeindungen |url=https://www.rbb24.de/politik/beitrag/2020/02/coronavirus-chinesen-botschaft-fremdenfeindlichkeit-berlin.html |access-date=9 February 2020 |agency=Rundfunk Berlin-Brandenburg |date=5 February 2020 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200206130547/https://www.rbb24.de/politik/beitrag/2020/02/coronavirus-chinesen-botschaft-fremdenfeindlichkeit-berlin.html |archive-date=6 February 2020 |url-status=live }}</ref>
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