Wikipedista:Beregund/Pískoviště: Porovnání verzí

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[[File:Duchy of Wesphalia and other states, circa 1645.svg|400px|right|thumb|TheVévodství Duchyvestfálské ofa Westphaliadalší andzápadoněmecké other western German statesstáty [[circacirka]] 1645]]
'''Vévodství vestfálské''' (1180–1803) bylo historické území, které bylo součástí větší oblasti - [[Vestfálsko|Vestfálska]], nacházejícího se na východě současného [[Severní Porýní-Vestfálsko|Severního Porýní-Vestfálska]] v Německu. Původně tvořilo s [[Engern]] a [[Ostfálsko|Ostfálskem]] jednu ze tří hlavních oblastí [[Saské vévodství|Saska]]. poPo většinu své historie bylo državou [[Arcibiskupství kolínské|arcibiskupa]] a [[Kurfiřtství kolínské]]ho.
 
==CreationUstanovení of the Duchy of Westphaliavévodství (1102–1180)==
[[Frederick I, Archbishop of Cologne|Frederick I]], the [[Archbishopric of Cologne|Archbishop of Cologne]], had acquired half of the [[County of Arnsberg]] in 1102. The other counties of the region could not resist the encroachment of the Archbishopric, and soon after the counties of [[Werl]], [[Rüthen]] and [[Volmarstein]] followed. The former count of Arnsberg created a new County known as [[Werl-Arnsberg]], and successfully kept it independent of the Archbishops. When [[Henry the Lion]] of Saxony was defeated in 1180, the [[Holy Roman Empire|Holy Roman Emperor]] [[Frederick Barbarossa|Frederick I Barbarossa]] presented the Archbishop of Cologne, [[Philip I (archbishop of Cologne)|Philip of Heinsberg]] with these territories and the south of the former Duchy of Saxony as the Duchy of Westphalia.
 
==ExpansionRozšiřování of the Duchyvévodství (1180–1445)==
TheKolínský Archbishop of Cologne,arcibiskup [[Engelbert II. ofz Berg|Engelbert of BergBergu]] beganzapočal atažení campaignza toúčelem forcedonutit thevestfálskou nobilityšlechtu inpoddat Westphaliase into submission anda to extract from them the stewardship of the various scattered church lands. Engelbert managed to connect the lands of the Duchy by annexing the territory from [[Hellweg]] to [[Diemel]], and secured the south of the [[Sauerland]] at [[Attendorn]] in 1222. Further controversy of its expansion eventually leads to Engelbert's death at the hands of [[Frederick I of Isenberg]] in 1225. In 1260 by an agreement with the Dukes of [[Brunswick-Lüneburg|Brunswick]] the [[Weser River]] became the official border of their spheres of influence. In 1277 the Archbishops managed to defeat a large confederation of Westphalian and Lower Rhenish opponents, but further action in 1288 forced the Archbishops to abandon intentions on much of the greater territory of Westphalia. The annexation of [[Werl-Arnsberg]] in 1368 united the territories of the north and south of the Sauerland.
 
The Archbishop [[Frederick III von Saarwerden|Frederick von Saarwerden]] began a hopeless campaign to maintain Colognian rights in [[Marck]], and in 1392 was forced to abandon them. His successor, [[Dietrich II von Moers|Dietrich II of Moers]] witnessed the last attempts by Cologne to gain rulership in Westphalia by attempting to break the powerful positions of [[Cleves]] and [[Marck]]. The financial burden placed upon the knights and cities of the Duchy of Westphalia led them into union in 1437. Cologne made peace with Cleves in 1441: this led [[Soest, Germany|Soest]], the richest town of Westphalia, to refuse recognising Colognian supremacy in 1444 in the [[Soest Feud]], that lasted until 1449. Soest had become a part of the [[Duchy of Cleves]]. Thereafter the town of [[Arnsberg]] became the administrative capital of Westphalia. Economically the loss of Soest had weakened the duchy. Especially as the surroundings of the town were very fertile and the grain was needed for the mountainous regions in the South. Peace with Marck was made in 1445 which witnessed territorial concessions from both sides.